Benefits of Legumes Protein and Its Slow Digesting Properties
Discover the power of legumes in your diet with our comprehensive guide on “20 Examples of Legumes”. Dive into the world of these nutrient-packed powerhouses and learn about their health benefits, nutritional content, and how to incorporate them into your meals.
- Understanding Legumes: Learn about what legumes are and why they are a crucial part of a balanced diet.
- Nutritional Value of Legumes: Discover the rich nutritional content of legumes, including their high protein, fiber, and mineral content.
- Allergies and Intolerance: Understand the common allergies and intolerances associated with legumes and how to manage them.
- Benefits and Antinutrients: Explore the health benefits of legumes and the role of antinutrients.
- Protein Content: Uncover the importance of legumes as a significant source of plant-based protein.
- Slow Digesting Foods and Proteins: Learn about the benefits of slow-digesting foods and proteins, and how legumes fit into this category.
- Superfoods and Legume Protein: Discover why legumes are considered superfoods and their high protein content.
- Specific Legume Benefits: Dive into the specific benefits of different types of legumes.
- Additional Information on Superfoods: Learn more about superfoods and their role in a healthy diet.
Introduction and Overview
Welcome to our comprehensive guide on 20 Examples of Legumes. If you’re looking to boost your diet with nutrient-rich foods, legumes should be on your radar. From lentils to chickpeas, these versatile foods offer a wealth of health benefits.
Legumes are a class of vegetables that includes beans, peas, and lentils. They are typically low in fat, contain no cholesterol, and are high in folate, potassium, iron, and magnesium. They also contain beneficial fats and soluble and insoluble fiber. A good source of protein, legumes can be a healthy substitute for meat, which has more fat and cholesterol.
Now, let’s dive into the world of legumes and explore their benefits, nutritional content, and how to incorporate them into your meals.
What are Legumes?
The term “legumes” refers to the plants whose fruit is enclosed in a pod. These include beans, peas, lentils, and peanuts. They are a staple in many diets around the world due to their nutritional content and versatility in cooking.
Benefits of Legumes
Legumes are packed with nutrients. They are an excellent source of B vitamins, iron, copper, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and phosphorous. They are also high in protein and fiber, making them a great food for weight management because they can make you feel full with fewer calories.
Nutritional Content of Legumes
The nutritional content of legumes varies slightly from one type to another. However, most legumes contain high amounts of protein and fiber, along with various vitamins and minerals.
Cooking with Legumes
Legumes are incredibly versatile in the kitchen. They can be cooked and prepared in a variety of ways, and they can be incorporated into a wide range of dishes, from soups and stews to salads and stir-fries.
Legumes and Health
Regular consumption of legumes can offer various health benefits. They can help manage weight, control blood sugar levels, reduce heart disease risk, and potentially even fight some types of cancers.
In the next section, we will delve deeper into the nutritional value and content of legumes. Stay tuned! 🌱
20 Examples of Legumes
|Legume||Nutritional Information||Fun Fact|
|Chickpeas 🌱||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 14.5g protein, 12.5g dietary fiber, and 4.2g fat.||Fun Fact: Chickpeas have been cultivated for over 7,500 years and are considered one of the oldest cultivated crops in the world.|
|Peanuts 🥜||Nutritional Information: 1-ounce serving contains about 7g protein, 14g fat, and 2.4g dietary fiber.||Fun Fact: Despite their name, peanuts are not actually nuts. They are legumes, belonging to the same family as beans and lentils.|
|Lentils 🍲||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 18g protein and 16g fiber.||Fun Fact: Lentils have been part of the human diet since aceramic Neolithic times, being one of the first domesticated crops.|
|Green Peas 🌱||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 8g protein and 7g dietary fiber.||Fun Fact: Green peas are one of the most sustainable crops, as they convert nitrogen from the air into usable nutrients.|
|Black Beans 🖤||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 15g protein and 15g fiber.||Fun Fact: In Brazil, black beans are a symbol of the national dish, feijoada, a stew made with beans and pork.|
|Lima Beans 🌱||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 15g protein, 13g fiber, and 4.5mg iron.||Fun Fact: Lima beans are named after the city of Lima, Peru, and have been cultivated there since 6000 B.C.|
|Kidney Beans 🌰||Nutritional Information: Kidney beans are high in protein and fiber. A 1-cup serving provides about 15 grams of protein and 13 grams of fiber. They are also a good source of folate and magnesium.||Fun Fact: Kidney beans get their name from their shape, resembling a kidney.|
|Black-eyed Peas||Nutritional Information: 130g serving provides 160 calories, 5g fiber, 11g protein, 23% daily iron, and 20% daily magnesium.||Fun Fact: Black-eyed peas are not peas but a type of bean. They are traditionally eaten on New Year’s Day for good luck.|
|Navy Beans||Nutritional Information: 130g serving provides 127 calories, 9.6g fiber, 8.2g protein, 13% daily iron, and 16% daily magnesium.||Fun Fact: Navy beans got their name because they were a staple food of the United States Navy in the early 20th century.|
|Soybeans 🌱||Nutritional Information: 130g serving provides 446 calories, 10g fiber, 41g protein, 49% daily iron, and 70% daily magnesium.||Fun Fact: Soybeans are the most widely grown and utilized legume worldwide and serve as the basis for many food products.|
|Vetch 🌱||Nutritional Information: Vetch is not typically consumed by humans due to its bitter taste and potential toxicity.||Fun Fact: Vetch is often used as a green manure crop, improving soil fertility by fixing nitrogen in the soil.|
|Carob Tree||Nutritional Information: Carob is high in fiber, antioxidants, calcium, and iron.||Fun Fact: Carob pods were historically used to measure precious stones. The term ‘carat’ comes from ‘carob’.|
|Tamarind||Nutritional Information: Tamarind is rich in vitamins C and B, potassium, magnesium, iron, thiamine, phosphorus, and riboflavin.||Fun Fact: Tamarind is used in cuisines around the world and is a key ingredient in Worcestershire sauce.|
|Mung Beans 🌱||Nutritional Information: Mung beans are packed with potassium, magnesium, folate, fiber, and vitamin B6.||Fun Fact: Mung beans are often sprouted to produce bean sprouts, which are a common ingredient in Asian cuisine.|
|Fava Beans||Nutritional Information: Fava beans are a great source of dietary fiber, protein, phosphorus, copper, manganese, and folate.||Fun Fact: Fava beans have been cultivated by humans for over 6000 years.|
|Pinto Beans||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 245 calories, 15g protein, 45g carbohydrates, 1g fat, and 15g fiber.||Fun Fact: Pinto beans are the most popular bean in the United States and northwest Mexico and are often eaten whole or refried.|
|Adzuki Beans||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 294 calories, 17.3g protein, 57g carbohydrates, 0.2g fat, and 16.8g fiber.||Fun Fact: Adzuki beans are commonly used in Asian cuisine, particularly in sweet dishes and desserts.|
|Cannellini Beans||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 282 calories, 20g protein, 53g carbohydrates, 1g fat, and 11g fiber.||Fun Fact: Cannellini beans are a popular part of traditional Italian cuisine, especially in Tuscany.|
|Red Beans||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 225 calories, 15g protein, 40g carbohydrates, 1g fat, and 13g fiber.||Fun Fact: Red beans are often used in a traditional Louisiana Creole dish called red beans and rice.|
|Split Peas||Nutritional Information: 1-cup serving provides about 227 calories, 16g protein, 40g carbohydrates, 764mg sodium, and 16g fiber.||Fun Fact: Split peas have high nutritional value, particularly for dietary fiber and potassium.|
Nutritional Value and Content of Legumes
Legumes are a nutritional powerhouse. They are packed with a variety of nutrients that are essential for our health. Let’s take a closer look at the nutritional content of legumes.
Protein in Legumes
Legumes are an excellent source of plant-based protein. This makes them a great choice for vegetarians, vegans, or anyone looking to reduce their meat intake. For example, a cup of cooked lentils provides about 18 grams of protein.
Fiber in Legumes
Legumes are high in dietary fiber, which can help to maintain a healthy digestive system. Fiber can also help to control blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol levels, and aid in weight management.
Iron in Legumes
Iron is an essential mineral that our bodies need to produce red blood cells. Legumes, such as lentils and chickpeas, are a good source of iron, especially for those following a plant-based diet.
Folates in Legumes
Folates, or folic acid, is a type of B vitamin that is needed for the formation of red and white blood cells in the bone marrow, the conversion of carbohydrates into energy, and the production of DNA and RNA. Legumes are a rich source of folates.
Magnesium, Potassium, and Zinc in Legumes
Legumes are also a good source of other essential minerals, including magnesium, potassium, and zinc. These minerals are important for a variety of bodily functions, including maintaining a healthy immune system, nerve function, and bone health.
Calcium in Legumes
While not as high in calcium as dairy products, legumes do provide a decent amount of this important mineral. Calcium is essential for strong bones and teeth, and it also plays a role in muscle function and nerve signaling.
Vitamins in Legumes
Legumes are a good source of several B vitamins, including B1, B2, B3, and B6. These vitamins are important for a variety of bodily functions, including energy production, brain function, and blood cell formation.
Here’s a quick overview of the nutritional content of legumes:
|Nutrient||Amount per 1 cup of cooked lentils|
|Vitamins||B1, B2, B3, B6|
In the next section, we will discuss allergies and intolerance to legumes. Stay tuned! 🌱
Allergies and Intolerance to Legumes
While legumes are packed with nutrients and offer numerous health benefits, it’s important to note that some people may have allergies or intolerance to certain types of legumes.
Allergies to legumes are relatively common, especially among children. The most well-known legume allergy is probably peanut allergy, but allergies to other legumes, such as soybeans and lentils, can also occur. Symptoms of a legume allergy can range from mild, such as hives and itching, to severe, such as anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening reaction that requires immediate medical attention.
If you suspect that you or your child has a legume allergy, it’s important to see a doctor for a diagnosis. They can perform tests to determine whether an allergy is present and advise on how to manage it.
Legume intolerance is different from an allergy. While an allergy involves the immune system, intolerance is a digestive issue. If you have a legume intolerance, your body has difficulty digesting certain legumes, which can lead to symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea.
One common type of legume intolerance is to beans, which contain a type of sugar called oligosaccharides. These sugars can cause digestive issues in some people. Soaking beans before cooking them can help to reduce these sugars and make them easier to digest.
Here’s a quick overview of the symptoms of legume allergies and intolerance:
|Legume Allergies||Hives, itching, difficulty breathing, anaphylaxis|
|Legume Intolerance||Bloating, gas, diarrhea|
In the next section, we will delve into the benefits of legumes and antinutrients. Stay tuned! 🌱
Benefits of Legumes and Antinutrients
Legumes are not only a rich source of essential nutrients, but they also offer numerous health benefits. However, they also contain substances known as antinutrients, which can affect the absorption of these nutrients. Let’s explore both the benefits and the antinutrients found in legumes.
Benefits of Legumes
Legumes are a nutritional powerhouse. They are packed with protein, fiber, and various vitamins and minerals, making them an excellent addition to any diet. Here are some of the key benefits of including legumes in your diet:
- High in Protein: Legumes are a great source of plant-based protein, making them an excellent choice for vegetarians and vegans.
- Rich in Fiber: The high fiber content in legumes can help to improve digestive health and reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Loaded with Vitamins and Minerals: Legumes are a good source of many essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc.
- Weight Management: Thanks to their high protein and fiber content, legumes can help to keep you feeling full and satisfied, which can aid in weight management.
- Heart Health: Regular consumption of legumes can help to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
Antinutrients in Legumes
While legumes are highly nutritious, they also contain antinutrients – substances that can interfere with the absorption of nutrients in the body. The main antinutrients found in legumes include phytic acid, lectins, and tannins.
These antinutrients can reduce the body’s ability to absorb certain nutrients, such as iron and zinc. However, the effects of antinutrients are not usually a concern for most people and can be reduced by soaking, sprouting, or cooking the legumes.
Here’s a quick overview of the benefits and antinutrients of legumes:
|High in Protein||Phytic Acid|
|Rich in Fiber||Lectins|
|Loaded with Vitamins and Minerals||Tannins|
In the next section, we will delve into the protein content and importance of legumes. Stay tuned! 🌱
Protein Content and Importance of Legumes
One of the standout nutritional benefits of legumes is their high protein content. Protein is a crucial nutrient that our bodies need for growth and repair. It’s also important for making enzymes and hormones. Let’s delve into the protein content of legumes and why it’s so important.
Protein in Legumes
Legumes are a fantastic source of plant-based protein. This makes them a vital part of a vegetarian or vegan diet, or for anyone looking to reduce their meat consumption. The protein content can vary between different types of legumes, but to give you an idea, one cup of cooked lentils contains about 18 grams of protein.
Importance of Protein
Protein is one of the three macronutrients, alongside carbohydrates and fats. It plays a crucial role in the body, including:
- Growth and Repair: Protein is essential for the growth and repair of tissues in our body. This makes it particularly important during periods of growth, such as childhood and adolescence, as well as during pregnancy.
- Enzymes and Hormones: Many enzymes and hormones in the body are made up of protein. These play a crucial role in a wide range of bodily functions, from digestion to blood clotting.
- Immune Function: Proteins are used to make antibodies, which are essential for the immune system’s ability to fight off bacteria and viruses.
- Energy: While not the body’s primary source of energy, protein can be broken down and used for energy if needed.
Here’s a quick overview of the protein content in a cup of some common legumes:
In the next section, we will explore the concept of slow digesting foods and proteins, and how legumes fit into this category. Stay tuned! 🌱
Slow Digesting Foods and Proteins
When it comes to maintaining a healthy diet, the speed at which foods are digested can play a crucial role. Slow digesting foods, including proteins, can help to keep you feeling fuller for longer, control blood sugar levels, and provide a steady release of energy. Let’s explore the concept of slow digesting foods and proteins, and how legumes fit into this category.
What are Slow Digesting Foods?
Slow digesting foods are those that take longer for the body to break down and absorb. This slow digestion can help to keep blood sugar levels stable, prevent spikes and crashes in energy, and help to keep you feeling full and satisfied for longer.
Slow Digesting Proteins
Proteins are generally considered to be slow digesting. This is because they take longer for the body to break down compared to carbohydrates. The slow digestion of proteins can help to provide a steady release of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, into the bloodstream.
Legumes as Slow Digesting Foods
Legumes, with their high protein and fiber content, are considered to be slow digesting foods. The protein in legumes can help to keep you feeling full, while the fiber can slow down the digestion process, leading to a more gradual release of energy.
In the next section, we will delve into the concept of superfoods and the protein content of legumes. Stay tuned! 🌱
Superfoods and Legume Protein
The term “superfoods” has become a buzzword in the health and wellness industry. It refers to foods that are nutrient-dense and considered to be especially beneficial for health and well-being. Legumes, with their high protein content, certainly fit the bill. Let’s explore the concept of superfoods and the protein content of legumes.
What are Superfoods?
Superfoods are foods that are rich in nutrients and offer various health benefits. While there’s no scientific definition of a superfood, these are typically foods that are packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Legumes as Superfoods
Given their high nutrient content, legumes are often considered to be superfoods. They are packed with protein, fiber, and various vitamins and minerals, making them an excellent addition to any diet. Plus, they are versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes, from salads and soups to stews and curries.
Protein Content of Legumes
One of the standout nutritional benefits of legumes is their high protein content. This makes them a great choice for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, or for anyone looking to reduce their meat consumption. The protein content can vary between different types of legumes, but to give you an idea, one cup of cooked lentils contains about 18 grams of protein.
In the next section, we will delve into the specific benefits of different types of legumes. Stay tuned! 🌱
Specific Legume Benefits: The Power of Lentils
While all legumes are nutritious, each type has its own unique set of benefits. In this section, we’ll focus on lentils, a type of legume that is particularly beneficial for health.
Lentils are a small but nutritionally mighty member of the legume family. They are a great source of vegetarian protein and packed full of health-promoting compounds. Here are some key benefits of including lentils in your diet:
- Rich in Protein: Lentils are a great source of plant-based protein, making them an excellent choice for vegetarians and vegans.
- High in Fiber: The high fiber content in lentils can help to improve digestive health, lower cholesterol levels, and control blood sugar levels.
- Packed with Nutrients: Lentils are a good source of many essential nutrients, including B vitamins, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc.
- Heart Health: Regular consumption of lentils can help to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
- Weight Management: Thanks to their high protein and fiber content, lentils can help to keep you feeling full and satisfied, which can aid in weight management.
Here’s a quick overview of the nutritional content in a cup of cooked lentils:
In the next section, we will provide additional information on superfoods. Stay tuned! 🌱
Additional Information on Superfoods
While legumes are a fantastic source of nutrition, they’re just one type of superfood. Superfoods are nutrient-dense foods that offer a host of health benefits. Let’s explore a list of other superfoods that you might want to consider incorporating into your diet.
A List of Superfoods
- Berries: Berries, including blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries, are packed with antioxidants, fiber, and vitamin C.
- Leafy Greens: Leafy greens like spinach and kale are high in fiber, calcium, and numerous other vitamins and minerals.
- Nuts and Seeds: Nuts and seeds, such as almonds, walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds, are a good source of healthy fats, fiber, and protein.
- Whole Grains: Whole grains like oats, brown rice, and quinoa are high in fiber and other nutrients.
- Fish: Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines are rich in heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids.
- Citrus Fruits: Citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, and grapefruits are high in vitamin C and fiber.
- Avocados: Avocados are packed with healthy fats, fiber, and various important nutrients.
Here’s a quick overview of some common superfoods and their key nutrients:
|Berries||Antioxidants, Fiber, Vitamin C|
|Leafy Greens||Fiber, Calcium, Vitamins|
|Nuts and Seeds||Healthy Fats, Fiber, Protein|
|Whole Grains||Fiber, B Vitamins, Iron|
|Fish||Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Protein|
|Citrus Fruits||Vitamin C, Fiber|
|Avocados||Healthy Fats, Fiber, Vitamins|
Remember, while superfoods are a great addition to your diet, they’re not a cure-all. A balanced diet, regular exercise, and a healthy lifestyle are all important for maintaining good health. 🌱
Fun Facts, Stats, and Interests About Legumes
Legumes are a fascinating group of plants with a rich history and a host of interesting characteristics. Let’s dive into some fun facts, stats, and interests about legumes.
- Ancient Food: Legumes have been a part of the human diet for thousands of years. Archaeologists have found evidence of pea consumption dating back to 9750 BC!
- Worldwide Cultivation: Legumes are grown and consumed all over the world. India is the largest producer and consumer of pulses, a type of legume.
- Nitrogen Fixation: Legumes have a unique ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, which improves soil fertility and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers.
- Protein Powerhouses: Legumes are one of the best plant-based sources of protein. A cup of cooked lentils provides about 18 grams of protein.
- Diverse Family: The legume family is incredibly diverse, with over 19,000 species ranging from tiny clovers to towering trees.
- Long Shelf Life: Dried legumes can be stored for years without losing their nutritional value, making them a valuable resource in times of scarcity.
- Health Benefits: Regular consumption of legumes has been linked to a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
- Culinary Versatility: Legumes are used in a wide range of dishes around the world, from Indian dals and Mexican bean burritos to Italian minestrone and Middle Eastern hummus.
- Record-Breaking Legumes: The world record for the longest bean pod is held by a variety of runner bean, with a pod measuring 1.02 meters (3.34 feet)!
- Astronaut Food: Legumes have even made it to space! Astronauts aboard the International Space Station have grown and eaten red romaine lettuce, a type of legume.
Remember, legumes are not just a nutritious food option, they’re also a fascinating group of plants with a rich history and a host of interesting characteristics. 🌱
FAQs: 20 Examples of Legumes
Here are some frequently asked questions about legumes:
u003cstrongu003eQ1: What are legumes?u003c/strongu003e
A: Legumes are a group of plants whose fruit is enclosed in a pod. Common examples include beans, peas, lentils, and peanuts.
u003cstrongu003eQ2: Why are legumes considered good for health?u003c/strongu003e
A: Legumes are packed with nutrients, including protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are also low in fat and contain no cholesterol.
u003cstrongu003eQ3: Can legumes help with weight management?u003c/strongu003e
A: Yes, the high fiber and protein content in legumes can help you feel full and satisfied, which can aid in weight management.
u003cstrongu003eQ4: Are legumes good for the environment?u003c/strongu003e
A: Yes, legumes have the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, which improves soil fertility and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers.
u003cstrongu003eQ5: Can I eat legumes if I have allergies?u003c/strongu003e
A: Some people may be allergic to certain types of legumes. If you have a known allergy, it’s best to avoid those legumes. If you’re unsure, consult with a healthcare professional.
u003cstrongu003eQ6: How can I incorporate more legumes into my diet?u003c/strongu003e
A: Legumes are versatile and can be added to a variety of dishes. Try adding them to salads, soups, stews, or use them as a meat substitute in dishes like chili or tacos.
u003cstrongu003eQ7: Are canned legumes as nutritious as dried ones?u003c/strongu003e
A: Yes, canned legumes are just as nutritious as dried ones. However, they may contain added salt, so it’s a good idea to rinse them before use.
u003cstrongu003eQ8: Are legumes suitable for a vegan or vegetarian diet?u003c/strongu003e
A: Absolutely! Legumes are a great source of plant-based protein, making them an excellent choice for vegetarians and vegans.
Remember, legumes are a nutritious and versatile addition to your diet. If you have any other questions, don’t hesitate to ask! 🌱
Additional Benefits Of Legumes Protein
A number of different factors can affect the digestion of legume protein. Those factors include the processing methods used to prepare legumes. For example, the soaking process used in the production of beans is not always ideal. Similarly, the thermal treatment used in the production of pulses and other legumes has undesirable effects on the protein content of the product. Other factors that influence protein digestibility are anti-nutritional factors, such as lectins and tannins.
A variety of other benefits of legumes include their versatility and low cost. Legumes are an excellent source of fiber and protein. They contain more than 10% of the Daily Value (DV) for certain vitamins and minerals. They’re inexpensive, widely available, and environmentally friendly. The only drawbacks are the negative effects of certain compounds in raw legumes. These compounds interfere with digestion and absorption of other . So, it’s important to make sure you are consuming only healthy legumes.
Interestingly, the degree of IVPD varies with different cooking methods. Cooking beans, lentils, and soy protein, for example, may be more beneficial than raw legumes. Cooking, however, has many other disadvantages. While baked beans may contain a lower percentage of proteins than raw legumes, they may contain higher levels of the necessary amino acids to support digestive functions. A higher content of protein is necessary for optimal health.
Recent research shows that a diet rich in legumes can help manage blood glucose levels and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Its high-fiber content and slow digesting properties may help in regulating insulin and plasma glucose levels. Research has also linked legume fiber intake to a decreased risk of metabolic syndrome, a group of metabolic problems including high blood pressure and diabetes. These findings are encouraging, and we should continue to eat legumes.
Studies have suggested that eating beans is associated with reduced systolic blood pressure, increased fiber intake, and decreased body weight. Interestingly, eating legumes on a regular basis is associated with a reduction in waist circumference and lower body weight. Ledikwe JH and colleagues analyzed dietary patterns in older adults from rural South Africa and found that eating legumes four times a week resulted in the largest weight loss.
Another study showed that legumes are better for people with low levels of folate and high intake of meat. The studies also showed that legumes contain folate that enhances the absorption of folate and endoysteine in humans. These findings suggest that legumes are better than meat in the long run. The phytic acid content of legumes may also cause mineral deficiencies. However, if you are not eating a lot of meat, then eating less of them will not hurt you.
The most popular pre-processing method used to prepare legumes is soaking. Soaking depends on the type of legume, the amount of water used, and the temperature of the soaking water. Soaking time varies from one legume to another, but generally lasts for between twenty and forty minutes. Traditional cooking is another thermal processing method. Legumes are placed in water that is either surplus or boiling.